Wireless Tag WT8266-DK V2¶
Wireless Tag WT8266-DK V2 provides specialized UART_WiFi functional test board to facilitate the customers to test the Wi-Fi module. Thanks to WT8266-DK V2, the user can simulate serial devices to access WiFi network and realize data transmission, but also can simulate WT8266-DK V2 works as the main control chip to access data of other devices and control.
The WT8266-DK V2 device features 4MB of flash memory, 80MHz of system clock, around 50k of usable RAM and an on chip Wifi Transceiver.
The Wireless Tag WT8266-DK V2 device features a 4 MB (32 Mb) flash memory organized in sectors of 4k each. The flash memory address starts at 0x40200000 and can be read and written from a Zerynth program using the internal flash module.
If flash memory must be used in a Zerynth program, it is recommended to begin using it from secure addresses towards the end the bytecode (start address of the bytecode can be found in the log console of Zerynth Studio during the uplink operation), leaving a minimum safe place to minimize the chance of clashes.
The internal flash of Wireless Tag WT8266-DK V2 can be organized in different ways. The standard VM is a non-FOTA VM with the VM code beginning at 0x0000, followed by the esp8266 ir0m image at 0x20000 and the esp_init_data at 0x3fc000. The VM is based on the Espressif RTOS SDK 1.4.1.
Microcontroller: Tensilica 32-bit RISC CPU Xtensa LX106
Operating Voltage: 3.3V
Input Voltage: 7-12V
Digital I/O Pins (DIO): 11
Analog Input Pins (ADC): 1
Flash Memory: 4 MB
SRAM: 64 KB
Clock Speed: 80 Mhz
Wi-Fi: IEEE 802.11 b/g/n:
- Integrated TR switch, balun, LNA, power amplifier and matching network
- WEP or WPA/WPA2 authentication, or open networks
Power to the WT8266-DK V2 is supplied via the on-board USB Micro B connector.
The device provides an USB-to-UART chip to link the USB port to the Tensilica chip and voltage regulator to adjust the onboard voltage to 3.3 V both fed via USB connector. The recommended range is 4.0 to 5.25 volts.
Connect, Register, Virtualize and Program¶
The Wireless Tag WT8266-DK V2 exposes the serial port of the ESP8266 module via a CP2102 usb bridge which is also connected to the boot pins of the module, allowing for a seamless virtualization of the device.
Drivers for the bridge can be downloaded here and are needed for Windows and Mac platforms.
For Linux Platform: to allow the access to serial ports the user needs read/write access to the serial device file. Adding the user to the group, that owns this file, gives the required read/write access:
- Ubuntu distribution –> dialout group
- Arch Linux distribution –> uucp group
Once connected to a USB port the WT8266-DK V2 device can be seen as a Virtual Serial port and it is automatically recognized by Zerynth Studio. The next steps are:
- Put the WT8266-DK V2 in Download Mode:
- Hold down BOTH buttons (Reset and Download);
- Release only the Reset button, while holding down the Download button;
- Wait for the onboard LED2 turning on while all other leds turn off;
- Release the Download button; the device is now in Download Mode;
- Select the WT8266-DK V2 on the Device Management Toolbar;
- Register the device by clicking the “Z” button from the Zerynth Studio;
- Create a Virtual Machine for the device by clicking the “Z” button for the second time;
- Virtualize the device by clicking the “Z” button for the third time.
During these operations the WT8266-DK V2 device must be in Download Mode. if the device returns in standard mode, it is necessary to put it in Download Mode again
After virtualization, the WT8266-DK V2 device is ready to be programmed and the Zerynth scripts uploaded. Just Select the virtualized device from the “Device Management Toolbar” and click the dedicated “upload” button of Zerynth Studio and reset the device by pressing the Reset on-board button when asked.
To exploit the Wi-Fi chip functionalities of the WT8266-DK V2, the lib.espressif.esp8266wifi library must be installed (some example code is provided).
Firmware Over the Air update (FOTA)¶
The Firmware Over the Air feature allows to update the device firmware at runtime. Zerynth FOTA in the WT8266-DK V2 device is available for bytecode only.
Flash Layout is shown in table below:
|0x40270000||256Kb||Bytecode Slot 0|
|0x402B0000||320Kb||Bytecode Slot 1|
FOTA Record (small segment of memory where the current and desired state of the firmware is store) for the WT8266-DK V2 is allocated in the RTC memory.
Power Management feature allows to optimize power consumption by putting the device in low consumption state. More information in Power Management - ESP8266 section.